Language Arts (Reading and Writing)
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Including instruction in the skills of speaking, composition, handwriting, listening, reading and spelling as well as knowledge of and appreciation for literature and language-all within the context of the Adventist philosophy of literature selection, movies, and videos, that develops discrimination in selection, preference for the beautiful and the true, and acceptance of responsibility for one's own choices.

Kindergarten

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    The student understands the meaning of what is read, that conveys meaning and connects text to real life.

  • Vocabulary:
    Begins to use context clues to understand key words.

  • Literature:
    Learns to read/listen/participate in shared reading of a variety of literary forms.

  • Phonetics:
    Recognizes and recites alphabet; begins to know sounds/symbol relationships of consonants and vowels.

  • Communication:
    Speaks clearly in complete sentences; listens and follows instruction and direction.










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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    Through dictation the student writes clearly and effectively using traits of quality writing.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Begin capitalization and end punctuation; left/right orientation; letter formation.

  • Writing Modes:
    Pre-writing activities.










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1st Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Continues to connect text to real life and begins to tell and retell stories and make predictions.

  • Vocabulary:
    Continues to use context clues, builds understanding of key words.

  • Literature:
    Continues to learn to read/listen/participate in shared reading of a variety of literary forms.

  • Phonetics:
    Begins to decode unknown words using basic elements of structural and phonetic analysis; begin to read word families.

  • Communication:
    Listens, responds and makes contributions to class discussion.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    Broadens the student’s ability to write clearly and effectively using traits of quality writing.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Expands skills in capitalization and end punctuation; spells grade level appropriate words; continues formation of lower/uppercase letters.

  • Writing Modes:
    Uses a variety of writing to express ideas for different audiences; diary, letters, narratives.











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2nd Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Builds on prior knowledge and expands their ability to use and interpret information.

  • Vocabulary:
    Continues to use context clues to build word relationships; increase reading vocabulary to become stronger readers.

  • Literature:
    Reads from a variety of cultures and time periods and relates selections to life experiences and issues.

  • Phonetics:
    Continues to decode unknown words using basic elements of structural and phonetic analysis; including spelling patterns and work families.

  • Communication:
    Conveys main ideas appropriate to audience and purpose, using clear delivery.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    Continues to develop the writing process; introduced to writing traits, ideas, organization, and conventions.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Write compositions that contain complete sentences and uses basic rules of punctuation correctly; spells grade appropriate words.

  • Writing Modes:
    Continues to use a variety of writing forms; expanding to use narratives, descriptive expository, and imaginative formats.











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3rd Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Uses skills to read familiar texts confidently and can retell major concepts.

  • Vocabulary:
    Practices using context clues to find the meaning of unknown words and participates in vocabulary development activities.

  • Literature:
    Reads from a range of purposes, identifies literary elements and draws logical conclusions.

  • Phonetics:
    Practices phonetic use of structural analysis, syntax, and visual cues to understand words.

  • Communication:
    Conveys clear focused main ideas with supporting details appropriate to audience and purpose.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    Continues the writing process and begins to self reflect using the writing traits: ideas, organization, and conventions.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Introduces cursive writing; punctuation broadens to include commas, and quotations; parts of speech introduced; spells grade appropriate words.

  • Writing Modes:
    Expands the use of writing forms to include letters, brief reports, book reports, and journal entries.











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4th Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Express the meaning of text by demonstrating comprehension of the main idea and supporting details by summarizing ideas own words.

  • Vocabulary:
    Builds reading vocabulary by interpreting context clues, using dictionaries, glossaries and other sources to develop a bank of words.

  • Literature:
    Reads for literary experience to a variety of literature representing different cultures, perspectives and issues.

  • Phonetics:
    Practice skill to syllabicate words and understand accent marks with regard to pronunciation.

  • Communication:
    Expands ability to convey clear focused main ideas with supporting details in clear sequence, making connections and transitions among ideas and elements.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    Expands the writing process including Multi paragraph compositions; introduces three new traits: voice, word choice and sentence fluency.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Writes fluently and legibly in cursive; spells grade appropriate words; punctuation skills broadened; expands parts of speech.

  • Writing Modes:
    Uses a variety of writing modes; Persuasive, Expository, Imaginative, Narrative, Summaries, Note Taking, Stories, Friendly and Business Letters.












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5th Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Reads fluently and practices summarizing skills and is able to draw conclusions from their reading.

  • Vocabulary:
    Expands reading vocabulary by interpreting context clues, using dictionaries glossaries and other sources to aid in the understanding of new words.

  • Literature:
    Continues to read for literary experience to a variety of literature; understanding different views of family, friendship, culture, and tradition found in literature.

  • Communication:
    Communicate supported ideas using oral and visual ways appropriate to topic, context and purpose.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    Use Six Traits to reflect upon and evaluate own writing; identifying strengths and weaknesses.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Writes cursive legibly, spells grade appropriate words; deeper punctuation skills, uses parts of speech correctly.

  • Writing Modes:
    Maintain modes from grades 4 and expand to include: multi-paragraph writing, write clear coherent and focused essays, research reports and news articles.











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6th Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Continues to develop reading fluently; demonstrates comprehension, comparing, contrasting, and making connections within and among texts.

  • Vocabulary:
    Increase word knowledge through systematic vocabulary development across curriculum.

  • Literature:
    Identifies and analyzes development of themes conveyed through characters, actions and images.

  • Communication:
    Plays a variety of roles in classroom discussions; develops techniques for oral presentation.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    The student understand and uses the steps of writing process’ the student understands and applies the six writing traits.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Spells grade appropriate words; uses proper punctuations; uses parts of speech correctly.

  • Writing Modes:
    Identifies, analyzes and writes for a chosen audience; cites sources when writing reports; writes to entertain, retell, classify, describe, explain or argue.











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7th Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Expands the variety of materials and purposes for reading and deepens comprehension by relating text to other texts and issues.

  • Vocabulary:
    Use a variety of strategies to define and extend understanding of word meaning across the curriculum.

  • Literature:
    Extends the literary experience and develop themes conveyed through characters, actions, and images in various literary forms.

  • Communication:
    Learns to identify strategies commonly used in good speaking techniques; listens and understand impact of media on our lives.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    The student practices the writing process applying the six traits across the curriculum.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Spells grade appropriate words; uses parts of speech correctly; uses proper punctuation in structures of sentences.

  • Writing Modes:
    Writes summaries of reading materials; writes research reports; writes responses to literature/informational text; writes fictional or autobiographical narratives; writes persuasive compositions.











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8th Grade

Reading
  • Comprehension:
    Demonstrates inferential comprehension by examining relationships, images, patterns, or symbols; draws conclusions and predicts outcome.

  • Vocabulary:
    Continues to use a variety of strategies to define and extend understanding of word meaning across the curriculum.

  • Literature:
    Analyzes style, and identifies relevance and response to various literary forms.

  • Communication:
    Continues to identify strategies commonly used in good speaking techniques; listens and understands impact of media on our lives.











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Writing
  • Writing Process:
    The student is proficient in the writing process and in applying the six traits across the curriculum.

  • Grammar/Conventions/Structure:
    Spells correctly; students write compositions using correct parts of speech and sentence structure.

  • Writing Modes:
    Writes biographies, autobiographies, short stories, narratives, persuasive compositions; technical documents, research reports and responses to literature.











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